Researchers from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health found new evidence that suggests a diet heavy in fast food increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. The research, published on June 6 by the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation, found that people who consume fast food even once a week increase their risk of dying from coronary heart disease by 20 percent in comparison to people who avoid fast food.
“We wanted to examine the association of Western-style fast food with cardio-metabolic risk in a Chinese population in Southeast Asia that has become a hotbed for diabetes and heart disease,” said the study’s lead researcher, University of Minnesota post-doctoral researcher Andrew Odegaard, Ph.D., M.P.H. “What we found was a dramatic public health impact by fast food, a product that is primarily a Western import into a completely new market.”
For people eating fast food two-three times each week, the risk increases by 50 percent, and the risk climbs to nearly 80 percent for people who consume fast food items four or more times each week.
Eating fast food two or more times a week was also found to increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 27 percent.
Researchers examined results of a study conducted over a period of 16 years beginning in 1993, which looked at the eating habits of 52,000 Chinese residents of Singapore who have experienced a recent and sudden transition from traditional foods to Western-style fast food.
“The big picture is that this [fast food] aspect of globalization and exportation of U.S. and Western culture might not be the best thing to spread to cultures around the world,” he said. “Global public health efforts should focus on maintaining the positive aspects of traditional cultures, while preventing the spread of outside influences thought to be harmful based on the scientific evidence.”
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source: Counsel & Heal